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Home      Awards      Breed Information      Green Star & FCI      In Memory      Judging      Links      News
     
Pedigrees      Puppies      Up Coming Litters       Rathleague Champions       Rathleague Stud Dogs      Vincent

Ireland follows the F.C.I breed standard.

General Appearance:- There are two varieties of the St Bernard.
* Short-hair variety ( Stockhaar / Smooth coat )
* Long-hair variety ( Rough coat )
Both varieties are of notable size, and have a balanced, sturdy, muscular body with imposing head and alert facial expression.

Size:
Minimal height:
               Dogs      70 cm  ( 27.56 in )
               Bitches   65 cm  ( 25.59 in )

Maximum height: 
               Dogs      90 cm  ( 35.43 in )
               Bitches   80 cm  ( 31.50 in )

Dogs which exceed the maximum height will not be penalized, provided their general appearance is balanced and their movement correct.

Behavior - Temperament:- Friendly by nature. Temperament calm to lively, watchful.

Important Proportions:- Ideal proportion for height at winters to body length (measure from the point of shoulder to the point of the schism).

Head:-
* General: Massive and imposing.
* Cranial Region: Skull strong, broad, seen in profile and from the front slightly rounded; sideways it merges gently rounded into the strongly developed high cheek bones, falling away steeply towards the muzzle. Occipital bone only moderately pronounced. Superciliary ridges strongly developed. The frontal furrow, which starts as the root of the muzzle and runs over the whole skull, disappears toward the base of the occipital. The skin of the forehead forms wrinkles over the eyes which converge toward the frontal furrow. When the dog is attentive, the wrinkles become more pronounced. When alert, the set-on of the ear and the top line of the skull appear in a straight line.
* Stop: Marked pronounced.

Facial Region:-
*
Muzzle: Short, does not taper. Nasal bridge straight, with a shallow furrow running its length. Length of muzzle shorter than its depth, measured at the root of the muzzle.
* Nose: Black, broad and square. Nostrils well opened.
* Lips: Edge of lips black. Flews of upper jaw strongly developed, pendulous, forming a wide curve towards the nose. Corner of moth remains visible.
* Eyes: Medium size. Colour dark brown to lighter nut-brown. Not too deeply set, with a friendly expression. Eyelids are close fitting as possible. Complete pigmentation on eye rims. Natural tightness of lids desired. A small angular wrinkle of the lower eyelid with inconspicuous showing of the conjunctiva, as well as a small angular wrinkle of the upper lid are allowed.
* Ears: Medium size, set on high and wide. Strongly developed burr at the base. Ear flaps pliable, triangular with the tip rounded off. The back edge stands off slightly, the front edge lies close fitting to the cheeks.
* Neck: Strong, dewlap not too exaggerated.

Body:-
* General: General appearance imposing and balanced.
* Top line: Withers well defined. Straight from withers to loin. Rump falls away gently and merges with a root of tail.
* Back: Broad, strong and firm.
* Chest: Brisket moderately keep and with well sprung ribs, but not reaching beyond the elbows.
* Belly & lower line: Slight tuck-up towards rear.
* Tail: Set on broad and strong. Tail long and heavy, its last vertebrae reaching at least to the hocks. When in repose, the tail hangs straight down or may turn gently upward in the lower third. When animated, it is carried higher.

Limbs:-
* General: Stance rather broad, straight and parallel when seen from front.
* Shoulders: Muscular, shoulder-blade oblique, well attached to the chest wall.
* Upper arm: The same length or only slightly shorter than the shoulder-blade. Angle between shoulder blade and upper arm not too straight.
* Elbow: Laying well onto the body.
* Forearm: Straight, heavy boned, tautly muscled.
* Pasterns: Vertically straight when seen from front and at the light angle when seen from the side.
* Forefeet: Broad, compact, with strong, well arched toes.

Hindquarters:-
* General: Hindquarters muscular with moderate angulations. Seen from rear, the hind legs are parallel and not too close together.
* Upper thigh: Strong, muscular with broad buttocks.
* Stifle: Well angulated, turning neither in or out.
* Lower thigh: Slanting and rather long.
* Hock joints: Slightly angulated and firm.
* Hock: Straight and parallel when seen from behind.
* Hind Feet:
Broad, compact, with strong well arched toes. Dewclaws tolerated as long as they do not hinder movement.

Gait:-
Co-ordinated, smooth reaching strides with good drive from the hindquarters. Hindquarters tack in line with the forequarters.

Coat & Hair:-
* Short-hair variety ( Stockhaar / Smooth): Top coat dense, smooth close lying and coarse, with rich undercoat. Buttocks lightly breeched. Tail covered with dense fur.
* Long-hair variety ( Rough coat ):
Top coat plain, of medium length with a rich undercoat. Over the hunches and rump usually somewhat wavy. Front legs feathered. Buttocks well breeched. Short hair on face and ears. Bushy tail.

Colour & Markings:-
* Colour:
Basic colour white with either small or large reddish-brown splashes ( "splash coat") or a continuous reddish-brown blanket covering back and flanks ( "mantle coat" ). A torn reddish-brown mantle ( broken up by white ) is of equal value. Reddish-brown brindle permissible. Brownish-yellow tolerated. Dark brown shadings on head desirable. Slight black shadings on body tolerated.

* Markings: Chest, feet, tip of tail, muzzle band, blaze and patch on neck must be white.

** Desirable: White collar. Symmetrical dark mask.

Faults:-
Every departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault which will be assessed according to the degree of departure from the standard.
* Lack of correct gender characteristics.
* Unbalanced gender appearance.
* Strong winkles on head, excessive dewlap.
* Muzzle too short or too long.
* Flews of the lower jaw turning outward.
* Under or overshot bite.
* Missing teeth other than PM 1 ( Premolar 1 )
* Low set on ears.
* Light eyes.
* Entropion, Ectropion.
* Eyelids too loose.
* Sway back or roach back.
* Rump higher than withers or falling away steeply.
* Tail carried curled over back.
* Crooked or severely turned out front legs.
* Poorly angulated, bowed or cow-hocked hindquarters.
* Faulty movement.
* Curly coat.
* Incomplete or totally absent pigment on nose, around the nose, on lips and eyelids.
* Faulty markings, e.g. white with reddish-brown ticks.
* Faults of temperament: aggressiveness, shyness.

Disqualifying Faults:-
* Coat totally white or totally reddish-brown.
* Coat of a different colour.
* Wall eye, blue eye.

N.B.:-
Male animals should have two apparently normal developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

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